Click on the
Moscow Metro subway map below to open a new
window with a large format subway map
Moscow metro is a good combination of
reliability, comfort and transportation
speed in the tough conditions of a modern
metropolis. It is the most popular kind of
transport in the city used by approximately
9 million passengers.
present Moscow metro share among other kinds
of transport makes up 56%.
Every day 10072 trains run over 12 lines of
the system (298,8 km and 180 stations) with
the minimum headway of 90 seconds.
Central Moscow is best explored on foot, but
as the distances are huge, it's easiest to
use the famous Metro system. It is
comprehensive, boasts some great
architecture, and is relatively cheap.
of July 2009, a single trip costs 22 RUB,
independent of the length of the trip.
Tickets are sold only at manned booths
within the stations ("kassa"). In several
stations there are ticket vending machines.
convenient way to avoid queuing is to buy a
multi-trip RFID card for 5, 10, 20 or 60
trips (10 at 200 RUB) valid for 45 days, or
a monthly pass for up to 70 trips; the
latter costs almost the same as 60x pass,
but is valid for a calendar month, not the
30 days from the date of purchase.
There are no day tickets or similar offers
tailored to visitors. For those who do use
Metro really often and for an extended
period of time (90 trips per month or more),
there is a rechargeable unlimited trips
smart-card (small refundable deposit is
required), which can be recharged for a
period from one month up to one year.
However, if you lose it, you will not get
any refund or replacement card!
Metro is open from 5:30AM - 1AM. Stations
close at 1AM so your journey must be
completed by then (more precisely, at 1AM
the last train starts from the end stations,
the entrances and transfers between lines
are locked and the escalators are stopped -
if you caught the train, you'll be able to
exit at any stop on the way, but it might be
a long slog up the steps).
Before 7AM and after 9PM, the metro is
rarely busy. Between these times on work
days it can be a real squeeze, especially
within the ring. Some escalators are a two
minute ride as the stations in the city
center are very deep. On the escalators
stand on the right.
important to know that colors in the
underground's signs don't necessarily
correspond to the ones on the maps, so the
green line is not necessarily indicated by a
green sign (that could be the sign for the
less confusing to refer to the numbers, e.g.
line 3 is line 3 whatever color is on the
sign. There are no English signs inside so
have your itinerary ready beforehand or
learn to read Cyrillic, which is possible.
Anyway, you can use a Russian-English plan
while you moving inside a Metro train.
Don't let yourself be intimidated by the
huge masses of jostling, rushing, cross
people. The Russians also take their time to
study the tiny signposts to see where to
change trains or which exit to take. Don't
use the metro if you are claustrophobic as
the air is thick especially at rush hour.
most interesting stations in terms of decor
are Komsomolskaya and Novoslobodskaya on the
ring line, Kropotkinskaya on the red line,
and Mayakovskaya on the green line (watch
out for the mosaics on the ceiling). The
last one is also one of the deepest; this
allowed it to be used as a makeshift
assembly hall for a Party meeting marking
the anniversary of the Revolution during the
Nazi bombardments in the winter of 1941.
Metro is relatively safe, although
pickpockets are a problem, as they are in
any environment where a lot of people are
pressed together. Opportunistic petty crime,
such as snatching someone's mobile phone and
jumping out just as the doors are closing,
is also commonplace.
the usual precautions at the night hours,
when the crowds recede; you don't want to be
the only passenger in a car with a gang of
inebriated teenagers looking for an excuse
to beat someone up. Walk up the platform and
get in the first car, near the driver; the
cabin of the last car or the one in the
middle of the train are not occupied by a
conductor, like they are in New York.
Every car is equipped with an intercom to
the driver's cabin; they are beige boxes
with a grill and a black button near doors,
and mostly work, unless visibly vandalized.
If you find yourself in a dangerous
situation, press the button and wait for the
driver or his assistant to reply. They might
not understand you, but they will know
there's trouble and will pass the info
ahead. At the next stop someone (could be
even the on-duty policeman, if he's bored)
might check in on the commotion.
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